📍 🇮🇳 Bhimbetka early (primitive) Art
The Bhimbetka cave complex in central India, near the town of Bhopal, is a UNESCO World Heritage site (inscribed in 2003). The complex has over 700 caves and rock shelters.
It preserves a continuous record of material culture for over 200,000 years - from the Palaeolithic until more recent times. It was discovered in 1957 by V.S. Wakankar, who was awarded the Padmashree in 1975 for his contributions to archaeology and art history.
Over a 120 cave/rock shelters preserve a rich collection of rock art and paintings, some of which may be as old as 10,000 years! These rock paintings cover various themes - hunting scenes, battle scenes, images of social life, dance and rituals, and even possibly elements of mythology.
Apart from the paintings, there are also various inscriptions which can be dated to over 2000 years!
Within some of the caves, there are remains of human burials - indicating that the cave complex served as both spaces for the living and burial grounds for the deceased.
____ Sources ____
>> Y. Mathpal, Prehistoric Rock Paintings of Bhimbetka. Abhinav Publications, 1984.